Though the movement is somewhat slow in terms of the scope of the 5G spectrum at present, it has created a competitive environment in India in terms of 5G. In the next five years, India will be among the five countries, according to a report by a private company’s mobility report. The report also states that by 2027, approximately 40 percent of Indians in India will use five. Against this background, a review of the current status of the 5Gs.
At present, 5G connectivity is gaining ground in the international market. Although India is a bit behind in this race, it is slowly starting to take steps towards 5G in India. Reliance Jio, Vodafone – Idea means V, Airtel were all trying to participate in the auction. The government is working to launch 5G services in India from August 15 next year.
There are differences of opinion as to what should be the amount for this auction and TRAI is trying to decide the basic amount. A paper has also been published for this. TRAI seeks to know the opinions of companies and reputable experts on what should be the price for spectrum, what should be its band, what should be the other terms and conditions.
Systems are being blamed for delaying 5G services due to delays in spectrum auction for various reasons. Therefore, the systems will try to achieve the moment of 15th August 2022 by completing the technical process as soon as possible.
Preparation of companies for 5G in India
Mobile network operators are also gearing up for five. After getting permission for trials from the Department of Telecom (DOT), all the companies are conducting trials in different places in India. Geo, Airtel, and Vodafone as well as MTNL have been granted permission for the Five G trials.
After the first trial run by Geo in June-July, it claimed to provide internet service at 1 Gbps speed, followed by Airtel with a successful trial with the same speed. Vodafone recently conducted a successful trial in Pune, beating both the companies. Vodafone claims 3.5 Gbps speed.
The trials were due to expire in November 2021, but the trials have been extended following discussions between the central government and mobile companies. After the extension, all the companies are trying to extend the trials in different areas.
Vodafone successfully conducted the trial in Pune and Gandhinagar. Vodafone, with the help of Nokia, has successfully conducted trials in rural areas with good speed. They are currently trying to reach as many areas as possible. The company has conducted successful trials in villages in Gujarat with a speed of 1.5 Gbps.
With the help of Nokia, Ericsson, Samsung, these trials are being carried out in different places using modern technology. Along with private companies, MTNL and BSNL will also be participating. Although BSNL has not yet launched 4G services across India, they are looking forward to FiveG. Efforts are being made by the company in that regard. Overall, the picture is that all the companies are gearing up for the Five G, but the process will only get easier as soon as the spectrum auction is over. There is a constant discussion between the system and the companies about this.
The challenge of building infrastructure
While the infrastructure is being built with temporary arrangements for the trial, the biggest challenge on the way to 5G is to create the right facilities for all customers to use. Companies like Ericsson, Nokia are keen on this, but they have not got security and other permissions from government agencies.
It seems that it is getting delayed due to legal and technical issues. Many Chinese companies are keen to join, as they may have to depend on outside companies for many things in building infrastructure, farmers have also become a part of smart technology through Tractor. But Chinese companies have been sidelined in the process.
Tension with China and the Make in India policy have affected Chinese companies. With the right infrastructure available at the earliest, the target set by the government for August 2022 can be achieved.
There is no clarity about the price
There has been a lot of discussion between the companies participating in the spectrum auction and the price of the Five G spectrum in TRAI, but the price has not been decided yet. The companies say the rates set by TRAI are unreasonable and unaffordable for any company. Troy is adamant about its demand, so all eyes are on what the rates are.
The general public is also curious about the rates of the Five G service. More and more customers can be connected to the Five G service if the rates are affordable. But there is no clarity yet.
Mobile companies equipped
Mobile companies are trying to bring FiveG technology to the market. New mobile phones from Samsung, Oppo, Vivo, One Plus offer 4G, 4G LTE as well as five options. Looking to the future, we are trying to offer FiveG in the range of 4G phones. So new customers are preferring these phones.
All the companies are trying to create the right hardware and software for the Five G technology. Microtech, a leading mobile semiconductor and processor maker, has announced plans to invest in India to conduct research on special Five Gs. They want to focus on new processors and chip production for five technology. In the same way, all the companies are focusing on research, and the potential five are preparing for the revolution.
Although India’s Five G journey is relatively slow compared to other countries, 39% of India’s population will use 5G by 2027, according to a survey by Ericsson. This survey is important because of the important work being done by Ericsson on the Five G infrastructure.
According to the survey, the number of users of Five G in the world has reached nine crores 80 lakhs in a year. The US, China, and Hong Kong have the highest growth rates, the report said. It is projected to increase further by March 2022. The company estimates that by 2027, 50 percent of mobile phone users worldwide will be using FiveG, given the speed and other features of the five services.
According to the survey, mobile usage in India is growing rapidly and more and more people are joining the mobile network. He said that the 4G network would be very active in India in the future as well, adding that the use of five would increase with its addition